Tag: Early education

What are the dangers of strabismus in children? How should children prevent strabismus?

Vision is an essential inborn ability in our daily life. If one has poor vision or has completely lost sight, his daily life will be affected. That’s why many parents are concerned about their children’s vision when they are very young.

At present, about 10000000 children in China are suffering from strabismus, which has also sounded a warning to parents. How can you tell if a child has suffered from strabismus? How to prevent strabismus? Come on and get to know it.

What are the dangers of strabismus in children? How should children prevent strabismus?1

First, what is strabismus?

Strabismus refers to eyes can’t look in the same target line of sight at the same time, only one eye gaze and the other side of Los, ocular axis target bias phenomenon. Strabismus is generally divided into esotropia, exotropia and strabismus, but the most common is esotropia and exotropia, exotropia is usually called “oblique looks”, while esotropia is commonly referred to as the “eye”, commonly known as “cross eyed”.

Two, children appear strabismus harm

1. strabismus interferes with visual development in children. Strabismus patients often do not have good stereo vision, see any object is a plane, there is no depth and distance, in employment and other aspects will be limited.

2. most strabismus patients suffer from amblyopia at the same time. Because strabismus patients stare at one eye for a long time, the other eye slowly decreases or stops because of less use, and the development becomes amblyopia.

Three, children appear strabismus reasons

There are more children with strabismus, which are mainly related to congenital abnormalities, acquired ocular hypoplasia and genetic factors. In children, especially in infants, the development of binocular visual function is not perfect, and the extraocular muscles can not be well coordinated. Any unstable factors can promote the occurrence of strabismus. General strabismus occurs within 6 months of birth, known as congenital strabismus, it does not have the basic conditions for the establishment of binocular vision, the greatest harm to the development of visual function.

Four, how to prevent children strabismus?

1., pay attention to genetic problems. A family history of strabismus in children, although there is no strabismus appearance, but also to please the eye doctor check in two years, noted that there is no hyperopia or astigmatism.

What are the dangers of strabismus in children? How should children prevent strabismus?2

2., pay attention to carefully observe the child’s eye changes, timely correction of the child’s bad habits of the eye, watching TV can not always sit in a position or posture.

3., some strabismus can not be seen directly from the appearance, when parents can use flashlights to do simple screening for children. Take a flashlight, according to the middle of the nose of the child (about 30 centimeters or so, the light is weak, so as not to glare), if the flashlight reflected light falls in the middle of the black eye, that is the normal eye position. If the spot falls on the inside or outside of the center of the dark eye, it may be strabismus.

Five, strabismus, amblyopia treatment

1. amblyopia in 5-6 years old treatment effect is better, after 15 years old treatment difficulty increases. Generally speaking, amblyopia has different degrees of ametropia or difficult to correct refractive problems, so the treatment of amblyopia, first of all, to correct ametropia, using accurate optometry, wearing corrective glasses.

2. types of strabismus according to the specific treatment plan, for example, some children strabismus is mainly composed of refractive error caused by wear glasses, can reduce the degree of strabismus or eye position correction, may not need surgical treatment.

2. congenital strabismus and congenital glasses cannot be fully corrected esotropia must need to accept surgical treatment, surgical treatment of children with strabismus and amblyopia if, the first general treatment of amblyopia, to be corrected eyesight almost, strabismus surgery again.

The 4. key is the treatment of amblyopia in children also need accurate optometry, mydriasis optometry, wearing glasses, and on the basis of the traditional cover and amblyopia therapy. Mild to moderate amblyopia after optometry and occlusion therapy can restore.


Physical examination for children is an important prerequisite for health. What items are examined by children’s physical examination?

From the moment when you decide to give birth to a child, the child becomes the greatest responsibility of the parents in the world. Now many women are mothers, caring for their children is still at the exploratory stage, how to understand and learn some parenting is very necessary.

Children in the process of growing up is bound to undergo physical examination, do not feel that this is a waste of your money and time, a small physical examination can detect the child’s physical illness in order to early treatment. Next, and Xiaobian together to understand the children’s examination of relevant common sense!

Physical examination for children is an important prerequisite for health. What items are examined by children's physical examination?1

I. infant physical examination items

1. head, facial features, neck, chest, abdomen, buttocks, limbs, genitalia and anus check to see if there is any abnormality.

2. of body weight, body length and head circumference, is an important indicator of whether the normal test of infant growth and development, but also the most basic and essential infant physical examination project, through the three routine examination, can largely determine the baby’s growth.

3. bone mineral density test: used to assess bone strength in children and adolescents. Normal bone density is also a marker of bone health. It can accurately reflect calcium absorption in children.

4. neurobehavioral measurement: intelligence and nervous system development in children under 1 years old can be detected, which is helpful for early detection of brain injury such as cerebral palsy

Two. Children’s physical examination in the entrance

Admission examination is mainly to help understand the child’s growth and development, can discover the anemia, abnormal vision, rotten teeth, rickets, malnutrition, height and weight behind, genital problems and various infectious diseases. Through this experience, you can investigate a number of infectious diseases, to avoid causing transmission in the park. The main items of physical examination in the park are:

1. eye exams: vision, trachoma, conjunctivitis.

2. routine internal medicine examination: heart, lung, liver and spleen.

3. Department of Stomatology examination: teeth, periodontal.

4. surgical examination: head, neck, chest, spine, limbs, skin, lymph nodes.

5. physiological function index: blood pressure.

6. physical indicators: height, weight.

Three. Common problems of physical examination for children

1. abnormal vision

Countermeasures: astigmatism hyperopia should be corrected before the age of 6

Children with abnormal vision, parents usually first think of myopia. In fact, preschool children have abnormal vision, mainly astigmatism and hyperopia. Physical examination revealed that about 1%-3% of the children had astigmatism and hyperopia.

Physical examination for children is an important prerequisite for health. What items are examined by children's physical examination?2

Due to the development of preschool children’s eyesight is still not perfect, infant vision in general more than 1 months of age, children are relatively small in more than 0.8 is normal. But if there are astigmatism, hyperopia and other problems this time, children will not be able to get a clear optical imaging stimulation, visual development will have obstacles, resulting in amblyopia.

Children suffering from abnormal vision should be promptly to the specialist, but also pay attention to eye hygiene. After 6 years of age, the visual function has been improved, and then wait for treatment, vision is not easy to improve.

2. decayed teeth

Answer: 2 and a half should start brushing teeth

The medical examination found that 10%-20%’s poor teeth, the main reason for the rotten teeth is that children do not pay attention to oral hygiene, some children are five or six years old, can not brush teeth.

Children with normal development usually have first sets of teeth – about two and a half years old – at this time, parents should train their children to brush their teeth. Some parents do not pay much attention to it. When children go to primary school, they begin to train them to brush their teeth, which results in poor oral hygiene and dental caries. Therefore, children to 2 and a half years old, parents or kindergarten teachers should guide children to brush teeth sooner or later, and develop a habit of eating snacks before going to bed.

3. respiratory tract infection

Countermeasures: health habits can not be ignored

In the process of physical examination found that children suffering from respiratory infections more, and this is related to children’s poor resistance. In addition, in the collective life, do not develop good hygiene habits is also one of the reasons.

Physical examination for children is an important prerequisite for health. What items are examined by children's physical examination?3

It is not difficult to prevent respiratory infections. In the kindergarten, ensure children have two hours of time for outdoor activities every day, let the children get enough sunlight, take a breath of fresh air, encouraging children to drink plenty of water, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, to improve their own resistance. At the same time to remind parents to cultivate their children develop good health habits, such as hand washing, do not touch the nose and eyes, to teach children the correct method to wipe the nose, stick with cold water for children to wash, enhance the ability to adapt to the cold air for children.

Three, children with physical examination notes

1. make reservations in advance

Take the baby before the physical examination, it is best to know in advance about the hospital’s schedule, and then select the normal staff to go to medical examination, but also staggered traffic jam hours. If the timing is not appropriate, you can adjust yourself.

2. make sure the physical examination place

When the baby is born, the earliest physical examination is usually in the delivery hospital, some in the local maternal and child health care center, the follow-up medical examination arranged in the nearest community health center can. In order for the physical examination to be carried out on time, parents should be in advance to determine the “42 days physical examination” of the site.

3. documents complete

The first time you bring your baby to the physical examination, you should take the basic documents, such as the baby’s birth certificate, residence booklet, parents’ ID card and so on. Other specific documents are carried according to the requirements of the region. For the baby, usually living performance, mother should carefully observe, carefully remember, can communicate with the doctor.

4. take care of your baby’s emotions

Physical examination is for the baby physical examination, so must be in the baby when the mood is good to physical examination, so as to better cooperate with the inspection. Suggest going to the physical examination in the morning, because the air is better, the temperature is also appropriate.