Tag: Child rearing

What factors affect your breast size?

The mammary gland is the target organ of many endocrine hormones. Therefore, the growth and development of mammary gland and its various physiological functions depend on the interaction of various endocrine hormones. If one or several of the hormone secretion disorder, or the imbalance between hormones, will necessarily directly or indirectly affect the breast condition and its physiological function.

At puberty, prolactin interaction between estrogen and progesterone and other hormones, can promote breast development; during pregnancy can make breast full development, the development of terminal duct lobular breast into small acini, prepare for lactation. Estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy of suppression of lactation prolactin; after delivery, rapid decline in the level of estrogen and progesterone, relieved the inhibitory effect on the secretion of prolactin and prolactin, also increased the amount of lactation of breast. Since then, with the establishment of regular lactation, the baby constantly sucking the nipple and reflex, stimulating the anterior pituitary secretion of prolactin, so that lactation can be maintained for months to years. The secretion of prolactin is regulated by hypothalamic prolactin suppression factor and prolactin releasing factor and other hormones.

The secretion of levodopa and bromocriptine and other drugs can inhibit prolactin; thyrotropin releasing hormone, 5- serotonin and some drugs (such as reserpine, chlorpromazine) can promote secretion of prolactin; small doses of estrogen and progesterone can promote the secretion of pituitary prolactin secretion, and high dose of estrogen and progesterone can inhibit prolactin.


Spring neonatal care books, new moms necessary knowledge reserves

Everything is waking up every year, Spring returns to the good earth., spring, All flowers bloom together. is a bonus, many people have a love of the season. But for new born baby, spring is a hidden season of crisis.

As spring temperatures rise, many bacteria begin to proliferate, which is extremely dangerous for newborns with very poor resistance. So, Mammy should pay attention to the care after the baby is born. Here are some tips for caring for newborns in the spring. Let’s get to know them.

Spring neonatal care books, new moms necessary knowledge reserves1

I. body care

1. umbilical cord care: baby umbilical cord cut off, the umbilical cord stump will gradually dry and become thin and become black. Usually, the umbilical stump gradually falls off within 3 to 7 days after birth. Ligation of the umbilical cord, cut parts susceptible to infection, while the umbilical cord can go directly to the baby’s blood vessels, so after breaking the umbilical cord, the umbilical cord care is very important.

2. buttocks care: Baby delicate skin, especially the buttocks are often wrapped diapers, diaper rash is likely to cause. Protection and care of the baby’s buttocks, skin, has become a compulsory course for novice parents. Baby care buttocks, the most important thing is to change diapers frequently, so that the baby’s buttocks remain dry.

3. neonatal eye care: when cleaning neonatal eye, put some cotton balls in the wet water wet, and then squeeze the water, each time to wipe your eyes closed all want to change a new cotton ball, from the canthus outside canthus wipe.

4. neonatal nose care: nose and ears are organs with self purification function, so mother should not try to plug anything inside or interfere with them in any way. Putting tampons in your nostrils or ears will only push something that is there down to the inside. It’s much better to let things fall naturally.

6. neonatal respiratory care: dry and windy weather in spring, should keep the mouth and nose moist and clean, and prevent the upper respiratory tract infection. In each time interval between meals should be fed some warm water, so as to achieve the role of cleaning the mouth, add water, nasal secretions should be timely swab dipped in soda water clean.

Spring neonatal care books, new moms necessary knowledge reserves2

Spring neonatal care program

5. skin care: newborns do not need soap. Soap is a form of degreasing agent, and the skin of the newborn is very delicate. Newborns need to keep all their natural fats, so they can only be washed 6 weeks ago. 6 weeks later, you can use soap. Mom might want to try a special liquid soap that needs to be added to the bath without washing it. Make sure you scrub all the wrinkles with soapy fingers and rinse them clean. The skin thoroughly dry, wet folding part is very easy to cause inflammation, never to use the talcum powder.

Two, life care

1., stool: newborn baby inside, hidden a lot of baby body secrets. Parents can observe the baby’s stool characteristics, defecation times, etc., to understand the baby’s digestion and timely adjustment of the child’s diet. Mom and dad on the child’s daily stool count to know what to do, pay attention to the color of the stool there is no exception, there is no special smell.

2. diaper rash: diaper rash occurred in a skin inflammatory lesion in diapers parts, also known as the baby diaper showed red buttock, hip and contact area of skin redness, swelling, and even ulcers, ulcer and infection, there is slight external force or friction will cause damage. Further development results in exudate, epidermal desquamation, superficial ulcers, and, without treatment, deeper ulcers, or even decubitus ulcers.

3. clothing: neonatal choice of temperature is still very important. At room temperature of 24 degrees Celsius, newborns need only cotton padded clothes and a small cotton shirt, which prevents the newborn from getting cold, and also prevents the newborn from overheating.

Spring neonatal care books, new moms necessary knowledge reserves3

Spring neonatal care program

The newborn quilt cover not too tight, many mothers fear newborn quilt leakage, a lot of the time and newborn to cover the quilt, which will cover the newborn too tight, not good for the health of the newborn. The newborn quilt cover due to the loose and breathable, so as to avoid the newborn because of too tight and the quilt well causes shortness of breath. Mother with newborn out, need to give the newborn wear thick some, hat, either hand or foot must not be cold.

4. indoor environment: many mothers fear of neonatal cold, will always be room close tightly. In fact, the room in which the newborn is living needs to be ventilated. The circulation of indoor air will not only harm the newborn, but also help the newborn breathe smoothly. When the room ventilation, the mother and the newborn can temporarily leave the room, wait until after the indoor air replacement back, if the internal long time not to replace the air in the room, in the room the air becomes extremely turbid, in this case is the use of mother and newborn health. Smoking dads also need to be careful not to smoke in their rooms, which can easily cause respiratory tract infections in newborns.

The most natural and healthy method of contraception

What is the most effective method of contraception? There is an international term for “natural family planning”, that is, natural family planning. That is to say, according to the physiological characteristics of female reproduction, it is necessary to avoid the same family in the time of childbearing and conception so as to achieve the purpose of contraception. In fact, natural contraception is to avoid the “dangerous period”, and to master the method of natural family planning, it is necessary to understand some of the physiological knowledge about pregnancy.

First, women’s physiological cycle potential is necessary to understand

Generally speaking, the normal women a 28 day of menstruation, ovulation and menstrual cycle in the middle, which is between 14 to 16 days, but because of people’s health status, living environment, mental stimulation and make ovulation often earlier or later.

Step 1: observe the menstrual cycle

Is your menstrual cycle regular? How many days between the two menstrual periods? This information is the first to be mastered. If you can not accurately answer these two questions, you can use the menstruation to record on the calendar, marking the first day”. The calculation to the next menstruation (that is a “first day”) between the total number of days. You may need three or four months of continuous recording to accurately calculate the length and rhythm of the menstrual cycle. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days, but it is normal between 23–35 days. Of course, the number of days of the cycle varies with the month.

The second step: determine ovulation period

In the short period of ovulation, intercourse is the key to conception, and ovulation is the time when mature eggs are expelled from the ovaries into the fallopian tube. So the second thing you need to do is determine ovulation. When ovulation occurs, women are often accompanied by physiological changes and signs. Most women can feel the chest in the ovulation period, especially breast skin sensitive sense of smell, hearing is more sensitive;; some may have small abdominal pain (mostly mild side), and mucinous leucorrhea or bloody mucus; sometimes visible labial edema; some women may have increased libido feeling and so on. Women often line up an egg each month and lose their fertility after 24 hours of ovulation without insemination.

For men, the sperm into the vagina, within 5~15 minutes can enter the cervical recess, and even into the fallopian tube, 4~6 hours began to die, 48 hours or so lost fertilization ability. This means that 48 hours before ovulation and 24 hours after ovulation, this is a “dangerous period” for pregnancy, and should be avoided.

The key to natural contraception is to master ovulation and how to predict ovulation. The present method is quite a lot, as the home can self control method has the following: Doudou mother: cervical mucus prediction ovulation

As women mature follicle can produce more estrogen, when reaches a certain level, namely in the ovulation period, can make more cervical mucus gland secretion, usually about 3 ~ 30 times, when the mucus thin hail transparent, viscous, watery, easy to pull into a filament. Length up to 15~20 cm. If under the microscope, seen in cervical mucus fern leaves the crystal shape, at the same time, the female can touch the cervix, cervical mouth visible in the ovulation period is carried out, the original hard like cartilage like cervical soft texture, and in a clear, smooth, elastic flow to the vaginal mucus. The contraction of the vagina to mucus expelled outside the vagina. Hail see these mucus thin and smooth, transparent, with the thumb and index finger pinch mucus can be drawn into filaments, over 10 cm.

Fortunately, pregnant grass reminder:

Be careful not to confuse the semen left behind after intercourse with this mucus. Closer ovulation, mucus becomes more smooth, clear, water. If once found an increase in vaginal secretions, cervical mucus increased, immediately to avoid intercourse or use condoms and other measures, and pay attention to changes in mucus, always adhere to the smaller cervical mucus, mucus become thick until dry, about 5 ~ 7 days. It is best to record the date of increased mucus or change every month in order to find out the law.

Strong winds grass: basal body temperature

The body temperature of female can change with menstrual cycle. The body temperature is lower during menstruation and follicular phase, while luteal phase is higher. In the first half of menstruation, more than 36.8 degrees Celsius, which is caused by progesterone in vivo. To predict ovulation, you need to draw a basal body temperature curve

9 family therapies for the treatment of disc infections

Pelvic inflammatory disease is also one of the most common gynecological diseases, although its prevalence is much lower than that of vaginitis, but it still bothers many girls.

There are many reasons, such as pelvic inflammatory disease: the menstrual period does not pay attention to hygiene, do not frequently change sanitary napkin and underwear; sedentary less exercise; infection after abortion operation; often wear tight thongs, married life is not controlled, is arch-criminal lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.

Treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease, in addition to drugs, but also can take family control measures. Now, women’s health nets teach you 9 strokes at home, pelvic inflammatory disease.

Family therapy

O pay attention to personal hygiene

Strengthen menstrual period, postpartum, abortion after personal hygiene, frequently change underwear and sanitary napkins, avoid cold, should not overwork.

Eat lots of light food

Diet should be light, food based. Eat more nutritious food such as egg, tofu, beans, spinach, etc.. Unripe, cold and pungent food.

Menstruation avoids sexual life

Avoid sexual intercourse during menstruation so as to avoid infection. Sanitary pad should pay attention to cleaning, it is best to use disinfectant toilet paper.

Drink plenty of water

Pelvic inflammatory disease can easily lead to fever, so be sure to drink plenty of water to lower your body temperature.

Avoid unnecessary gynecological examinations

Try to avoid unnecessary gynecological examination, so as not to expand infection, cause inflammation spread.

Medical personnel should strictly observe aseptic operation

Other therapies

Herbal tea

The Chinese angelica 9 grams, 9 grams of Rhizoma Cyperi, motherwort 12 grams. Water decoction, 1 times a day.

The peach kernel 10 grams, Patrinia 15 grams, 10 grams of black fungus. Water decoction, 2 times a day.

The fennel 30 grams, gardenia 30 grams, 10 grams of licorice. At the end of the study, 2 to 3 grams per serving, 2 to 3 times a day.

Astragalus 50 grams, angelica 15 grams, jujube 10, brown sugar amount. Decoct decoction.

Medlar 20 grams, angelica 20 grams, lean pork amount. Seasoning soup, meat soup.

Point massage

The patient was supine and knees flexed. The surgeon was on the right side of the body and underwent regular abdominal massage several times. Then click the Qihai, Guan Yuan, Xuehai, Sanyinjiao half minutes, then hands carrying several small abdominal. Point of pain, site manipulation. For the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease.

Diet therapy party

Lotus root spareribs soup

Recipe: pork ribs 200 grams, 40 grams of lotus seed, Gorgon 30 grams, medlar 20 grams, 25 grams of yam.

Usage: the Pork Chop chopped into small pieces, blanch in boiling water, wash away the floating foam, and lotus seed (core), (impurity), Gorgon yam, medlar, together into the casserole, add water, cooking wine, salt, pepper, ginger, onions, with simmer for an hour, plus a little taste of fine and you can eat, eat, drink soup, pork ribs, lotus seeds, yam etc..

White gourd congee

Recipe: 10 grams of Huaihua, coix seed 30 grams, 20 grams of wax gourd, rice amount.

Usage: Huaihua, wax gourd seed decoction to the residue into the soup, and then put the Coix seed and rice congee eat together.

Efficacy: This product has the effect of clearing away heat and toxic materials, and is used in the adjuvant treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease.

Rape cinnamon

Recipe: rape seeds, cinnamon 60 grams each.

Usage: put the research into fine powder and spare, treatment, each medication powder 2 grams, white boiling water, two times a day.

Efficacy: This product is suitable for the adjuvant treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease.

Xiao Bian prompted: any disease should be prevented, no matter what the effect of drugs, it is better not to fall ill, is not it? Therefore, in order to prevent the occurrence of disease, daily not only to develop good habits, and should pay attention to personal hygiene, especially private health, and health related.

The scorching summer crystal refused vaginitis to find the door of the 4 Tips

Has been one of the gynecological disease vaginitis that women are the most frequently encountered, especially in the hot summer, the slightest mistake will make all kinds of vaginitis can take advantage of. In order to make healthy summer women’s health network Xiaobian recommend, in this hot summer, do the following four note, can effectively resist “outside vaginitis”.

1. Get plenty of sleep

Ensure adequate sleep every day, do not stay up late, otherwise it will reduce the body’s resistance to disease. Pay attention to sex life frequency, sexual life more than 3 times a week, urinary tract infection rate increased greatly, in the summer of this special stage should reduce the number of.

2, cleaning order

Regular cleaning of the vulva and anus, cleaning should pay attention to the order, first wash the vulva, and then wash the anus, must not go the opposite way; towels and basins to hand special, otherwise bacteria are easy to invade the urethra.

3. Vulva Lotion

Female friends must buy regular manufacturers of products, so as not to inferior products to destroy the normal flora of the human body, but to reduce local resistance. Buy sanitary napkins should pay attention to product quality, and should not be kept for a long time, so as not to breed bacteria, causing genital and vaginal infections, when there are itching vulvae, leucorrhea symptoms, should go to see a doctor as soon as possible.

4. Wash your hands before going to bed

The survey found that people’s hands, there are a large number of pathogenic microorganisms such as chlamydia, mycoplasma, they may be infected by the solution to this link into the urethra, so to develop good health habits is very important.

Unmarried female mycotic vaginitis why refractory

The treatment of fungal vaginitis in unmarried young women is indeed a little tricky. Because the patient is unmarried, gynecologist can not use the device to check the inflammatory characteristics of the vaginal mucosa, nor can the effect of drugs into the vagina deep to kill mildew, can only be smoked wash, painted some Clotrimazole Ointment outside the vagina. But this medicine can not kill the mold of the vagina. This is why these patients have long failed to work. If she has sexual life and agrees to examine the vagina, she can be given 3% sodium bicarbonate solution and nystatin for a total of 10 days and instructed her to go home and take the medicine herself. Every night before bedtime with 3% sodium bicarbonate solution or vaginal washing bath, dry, then nystatin suppositories 1 grains (100 thousand units) sent to the vagina deep. Once a night, for 10 days. Because nystatin is a specific drug, it is also the main part of the process of mold reproduction and inflammation, so the effect is excellent. After a course of treatment, it will recover.

Why is not pregnant pregnant women from abnormal ovulation infertility cause exploration

Pregnancy is a very complex physiological process, must have all the conditions, in order to achieve the purpose of pregnancy. First, normal eggs and sperm are needed, followed by unimpeded reproductive tract, including the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. The egg and sperm must be seen in the fallopian tube through the reproductive tract, or fertilization. The fertilized egg is like a seed that is transported from the fallopian tube to the uterus cavity and grown in the soft soil of the lining of the uterus. A new life was born.

Ovulation is an important part of the process. Women of childbearing age produce eggs every month. If the menstrual cycle is 28 days, the ovulation period of normal women is usually fourteenth to 16 days during the menstrual cycle. According to statistics, 10% of couples of childbearing age suffer from infertility, among whom female ovulation dysfunction accounts for 30% to 40%. Ovulation abnormality is the most common cause of infertility in women. The normal ovarian cycle is so complex that very small changes can break the normal cycle and inhibit ovulation. If women can’t produce eggs, there’s no way to get pregnant.

Development and ovulation of eggs

First of all, we should briefly understand the mechanism of ovulation. Establishment of normal ovulation cycle requires normal function of hypothalamus pituitary ovary axis. It is a complete and coordinated neuroendocrine system that regulates and influences each other, controlling female development, normal menstruation, and sexual functioning. The hypothalamus is like a command, the secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormone, which is ordered to the pituitary gonadotrophin secretion and ovarian gonadotropin received instruction after the secretion of estrogen and progestin induce follicular maturation and ovulation. Dysfunction or organic lesions of any part of the system can cause temporary or prolonged anovulation. According to statistics, in the ovulation disorders, thalamus dysfunction accounted for 38%, pituitary diseases accounted for 17%, ovarian dysfunction accounted for about 45%. Therefore, although ovulation disorders are different, the lesion location is different, the reasons are different, the treatment principle is also different.

Abnormal ovulation and its etiology

Ovulation abnormality is the inability to discharge normal eggs. Including complete absence of ovulation, rarely ovulation, or irregular ovulation. But there are still a few cases, after a thorough examination, there is still no explanation. The most common cause of abnormal ovulation is a lack of certain hormones. If the ovaries themselves are resistant to normal levels of hormones, they do not respond and can cause ovulation disorders. In addition, loss of ovary, damage, or disease can interfere with ovulation. There are many causes of ovulation abnormalities. The following are only a few common clinical diseases.

Ovarian dysfunction leading to anovulation is a common disease known as premature ovarian failure. In medicine, 40 year old premenopausal patients are called premature ovarian failure. Patients with early menstrual normal, and even have a history of fertility, but then menstruation is rare, until completely amenorrhea. The cause of the disease is unknown. This kind of patient’s ovarian follicles have been exhausted, it is impossible to use ovulation induction drugs to make follicular development, or even though the original follicle, but no response to gonadotropin. This kind of ovulation disorder patients, if you want to give birth, can only borrow someone else’s eggs as test tube baby, can achieve the purpose of pregnancy

Can you sleep in the same period of pregnancy? A proper sex life can make the fetus happy

Can I sleep with you during pregnancy? This problem is a problem of life many pregnant mothers concern, in fact, health experts say, if moderate orgasm caused by uterine contractions during pregnancy, the fetus is a healthy exercise, pregnant women can have sexual life. Of course, in the last month of pregnancy, it’s best to avoid excessive orgasms. Some of the reports that sexual behavior is bad for the fetus are mostly from pregnant women with the disease.

Because the birth mother blood flow increased high mood hormones and posterior pituitary hormones, and happy hormones, those hormones can let the mother and the fetus. The baby of the future smiles in the mother’s climax. The skin of a pregnant woman can also be lustrous.

One important thing for couples is that the intense orgasm that causes contractions of the uterus may stimulate the cervix directly. An orgasm can cause miscarriage. In addition, a moderate orgasm through the external vaginal muscles can make mothers and fetuses happier.

In general, the fetus will increase maternal progesterone index (weekly increase from 0.2ng/ml to 125ng/ml to 250ng/ml after 36-38 weeks), to ensure the safety of pregnancy, and by increasing the inhibitor of lactation stimulation was to prevent the climax of uterine contraction. Estrogen in women increases from 0.1-0.2ng/ml to 25ng/ml, and the vagina and labia become more swollen and thick. As a result, the intensity of the female orgasm will decline and it is difficult for the mother to make an orgasm after 10-20 weeks. So the couple will try to stimulate the cervix too much to produce orgasms, which can lead to miscarriage.

If the female’s testosterone index is still high, 80 or 90ng/dl, or higher, she may be able to enjoy an orgasm within 6-7 months of pregnancy. Naturally, the intensity of orgasm decreases as estrogen testosterone ratio and progesterone testosterone ratio decrease.

Testosterone and posterior pituitary hormone montjean you enjoy orgasm and pregnant fun. Maybe you after 30 weeks of pregnancy and orgasmic ability, your vaginal wall becomes swollen and soon began to fall, you can see your clitoris and labia produce water, your cervix will become more and more low, your vagina becomes more and more short.

Therefore, the penis is more likely to hit your cervix. If you feel that you should tell him not to use it too hard, let his glans kiss your cervix. You may have sacrificed some time for the climax of the fun.

At the same time, pregnant women need to pay attention to safety when they are having sex

1, do a good job of personal hygiene:

Before and after making love, both sides should wash the body, don’t forget the hand also need to clean, so as not to cause bacterial infection.

2, do not be too intense:

This reason does not say, also can understand, sexual intercourse husband don’t plug too deep, sexual intercourse when the climax to slowly twitch, in progress, don’t change body position frequently. In the process, if the mother feels unwell, such as abdominal swelling or pain, dizziness, etc., may be caused by the lack of gentle movements, and now should be temporarily interrupted to rest for a while.

3, tips on ensuring sexual safety:

(1) when the male father must use the arm support own strength.

(2) remember not to insert too deep or sprint too hard, so as not to cause cervical injury bleeding or cause contraction of the uterus.

(3) for the first 3 months of pregnancy and the last 2 months of pregnancy, it is better not to have sex for the sake of your baby’s safety.

(4) if you have abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding after sex, there may be miscarriage or premature delivery, you should seek medical attention in time.

(5) pregnant women who have had a history of miscarriage or a history of preterm birth should pay attention to minimizing sexual love so as not to have another miscarriage or premature birth.

(6) there are obstetrical reasons such as placenta previa, and the doctor will inform you.